Page Header

Who Promoted the Rural-Urban Inequality in Contemporary China?

Yucheng Wang 1

Abstract


After 1949, China has witnessed dramatic economic growth especially in recent decade. Economists predict that Chinese economic growth rate will continue consistently in the next decades. The growth has fueled a remarkable increase in per capita income a decline in the poverty rate from 64% to 10% in 2004. However, income inequality increased sharply after the Economic Reform and Open Up era. This paper investigates the rural and urban economic inequalities in contemporary China by identifying various drivers behind these trends---including urbanization, quality education, governmental funding, and political policy. From sociocultural perspective, flaws on Hukou system disables rural population to have the same right as urban population in schooling, medical care, and career aspects; limited brand value disables rural population to start up strong enterprise; all factors have restricted chances for the relatively poor rural population to pursue higher living standard. Due to China has unique Hukou and Yibao system, poor villages couldn’t afford services including household, educational tuition, health care and so on. This analysis addresses case study of socioeconomic and sociopolitical issues related to economic inequality in contemporary China and indicates several ways to eradicate inequality and promote economic growth.


Keywords


Rural-Urban Inequality; Chinese economic growth rate; urbanization; quality education; governmental funding; political policy

Full Text:

PDF

References


Li, Jian. “Who Decided College Access in Chinese Secondary Education? Rural-Urban Inequality of Basic Education in Contemporary China.” Universal Journal of Educational Research, vol. 4, no. 10, 2016, pp. 2380–2393., doi:10.13189/ujer.2016.041018.

(PDF) Empty Nest Syndrome in China - Research Gate. www.researchgate.net/publication/51866247_Empty_nest_syndrome_in_China.

Sicular, Terry, et al. “How Large Is China’s Rural-Urban Income Gap?” One Country, Two Societies, pp. 85–104., doi:10.2307/j.ctt1sq5t74.7.

Jain-Chandra, Sonali, et al. “Inequality in China - Trends, Drivers and Policy Remedies.” IMF Working Papers, vol. 18, no. 127, 2018, p. 1., doi:10.5089/9781484357538.001.

Hussain, Shahid, et al. “Rural Residents’ Perception of Construction Project Delays in Pakistan.” Sustainability, vol. 9, no. 11, 2017, p. 2108., doi:10.3390/su9112108.

Dollar, David. “Poverty, Inequality, And Social Disparities During Chinas Economic Reform.” Policy Research Working Papers, 2007, doi:10.1596/1813-9450-4253.

Lu, Ming, and Yiran Xia. “Migration in the Peoples Republic of China.” SSRN Electronic Journal, 2016, doi:10.2139/ssrn.2838116.

Ghafoor, Abdul, and Hammad Badar. “Agricultural Marketing.” Developing Sustainable Agriculture in Pakistan, 2018, pp. 809–831., doi:10.1201/9781351208239-36.

Educational Statistics Yearbook of China 2015 ...www.chinabookshop.net/educational-statistics-yearbook-china-2015-p-24463.html.

Yang, Fating. “Contemporary Construction of Ecological Civilization: From Ecological Crisis to Ecological Governance.” Chinese Journal of Urban and Environmental Studies, vol. 03, no. 04, 2015, p. 1550030., doi:10.1142/s234574811550030x.

Wu, M. & Yang, S. (2005). Research on the present situation of rural basic education in Xinjiang Minority Nationality Region during western development. Journal of Urumqi Adult Education Institute, 13(2), 11-13, 41.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18686/utc.v4i2.71

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Yucheng Wang 1

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.